Electricity is as important in our own lives as water and air. It has several parts and equipment that help us to convert and modulate the current flow in our use. The electric power to appliances such as computers, machines, etc. is supplied through power supply.
These machines require a regulated power source. Transformers are one such basic equipment which enables us to step up or step down the AC/DC current in addition to voltage supplies to a number of days daily electronics of our everyday use.
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There are two types of transformers step up or step down. The one that steps up the voltage or current is step up transformer and the one that lowers down the stream of voltage or current is step down transformers.
The switching action required to sustain transformer operation is called Switch mode power transformers (and provides ). So as to control the quantity of power delivered to the transformer’s load (or load circuit) the sum of on and off time of the switches is controlled.
The conversion of energy from one structure to another is accomplished by means of a switch mode power supply. Transformers for Switch Mode Power supplies are typically utilized to transfer one kind of electrical power to another like such as at home they convert high voltage from the plug socket into a lower voltage and current for using it in your computer. The basic idea is to have a controlled output voltage that’s completely dissimilar from input voltage. Commonly two kinds of power supplies are available, linear and switch mode power supplies.